Welfare pay-outs at dawn stand-off – who’ll back off first?

Social Development Minister Bathabile Dlamini

Perhaps the 17 million monthly beneficiaries of welfare grants can take some comfort in knowing that the ANC’s political future depends on them being paid in two weeks’ time, but Social Development Minister Bathabile Dlamini must surely perish? Basically, her inaction for nearly three years since the Constitutional Court declared the Net1 UEPS Technologies Inc contract irregular and invalid, ordering her to come up with a workable alternative, would sink any politician in any half decent democracy, worldwide. But this is Zama-Zama Zuptoid country, where minister’s and State owned enterprise chiefs are appointed for shady political reasons so that they can enrich a network of select cadres under the cloak of ideology and correcting the imbalances of the past. This social services saga could even be seen as the canary in the coalmine – enabling us to gauge whether the captured ANC’s neglect of service delivery and economic growth has finally caught up with them, threatening the party’s future in governing this country. The ever-arrogant Dlamini is now effectively asking the Constitutional Court for an extension of Net 1’s services until a proper competitive tendering process can be concluded – which was the problem in the first place. Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan has indicated that Treasury can allow for a deviation from normal procurement processes until talks are concluded on a new provisional short term Net 1 contract. All the stops are being pulled out. From a negotiating point of view Net 1 could not be sitting prettier. But just wait until we hear what the Constitutional Court judges have to say about Zuma’s succession campaign chief and ANC Women’s League President, Bathabile Dlamini… A bit scary when the entire economy and the welfare of a country’s citizens seems beholden to a network of shady self-enriching politicians. – Chris Bateman

By Paul Vecchiatto and Amogelang Mbatha

(Bloomberg) – The crisis swirling around South Africa’s system of welfare payments to the poorest third of its people has become a game of chicken.

Social Development Minister Bathabile Dlamini insists that Net1 UEPS Technologies Inc. must continue to distribute the payments after its contract, which the Constitutional Court ruled illegal, expires on March 31. An inter-ministerial task force voided a new agreement between the South African Social Security Agency and Net1, and will conduct future talks with the company. Net1 said if no deal is reached by Wednesday, it can’t guarantee resuming payments April 1.

President Zuma leads celebrations of 10 years of the existence of the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA), on 19 Jul 2016. 

“To avoid interruptions or delays in payment, any agreement would have to be concluded by 15 March 2017 in order to ensure that payment can be made on 1 April 2017,” Net Chief Executive Officer Serge Belamant said in an affidavit dated March 10.

The Constitutional Court takes up the case on Wednesday when it considers a request by the Black Sash Trust, a human rights group, for the tribunal to oversee a short-term contract for Net1 to continue the payments for a year and supervise efforts of the ministry and Sassa to find a new system after that time. The Post Office said in an application to join the case that it can run the program within 12 months.

The fiasco is the latest in a series of missteps by President Jacob Zuma’s administration that have curbed growth, dented investor confidence and stoked conflict between government officials and departments. At stake is a system of welfare payments to more than 17 million people a year that’s been a signature program of the ruling African National Congress to reduce inequality in one of the world’s most unequal nations.

‘Potentially Dangerous’

The ANC, which has governed South Africa since the end of white-minority rule in 1994, suffered its worst electoral performance yet in a municipal vote in August, losing control of Pretoria, the capital, and the economic hub of Johannesburg amid mounting discontent over high levels of poverty, unemployment and corruption.

“I think it’s a reasonable deduction that the ANC derives a lot of support from the social grants,” said Daryl Glaser, a politics professor at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg. “So this is potentially dangerous for the ANC.”

The Treasury must agree to allow a “deviation” from normal procurement processes before talks can be concluded with Net1 on a new contract for the more than R150 billion ($11.4 billion) of payments because it wasn’t put out to a tender. While the government is seeking to contain the costs of the new deal within its budget, failure to agree a price with the company could result in millions of people not being paid, and possible social unrest.

“Strictly speaking, National Treasury does not have to get the Constitutional Court’s permission to approve a deviation,” Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan said after a briefing to lawmakers on Tuesday. “However, the Constitutional Court can take this into account when it deliberates over the current legal actions.”

“We have to ensure that the payments are done in a legal way,” Gordhan told Parliament’s public accounts committee.

The welfare grants crisis dates back to 2012, when Net1’s Cash Paymaster Services unit was awarded a five-year contract to distribute the payments, which range from pensions to child-care grants. While the Constitutional Court ruled the contract invalid two years later because procurement rules weren’t followed, the company continued making the payments after the welfare agency failed to appoint a replacement.

Opposition parties and labor union allies of the ANC have demanded that Dlamini resign over the risk that the program will be interrupted and her failure, despite the court order, to find a new provider for the payments.

“A lot is going to depend on whether the grants actually get paid to all the recipients,” Glaser said. “If the public is seriously inconvenienced, I think that the ANC is taking itself into dangerous territory.”

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