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EDINBURGH — The last five weeks of the year are notoriously slow for getting things done in South Africa. The festive season break coincides with excellent summer weather and long school breaks. This year, it’s not only holiday fever that is putting the brakes on decision-making and deals. Paralysis has taken hold of government departments as civil servants and political leaders await the outcome of the all-important ANC succession race in late December. The top contenders, President Jacob Zuma’s ex-wife Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma and former trade unionist and businessman Cyril Ramaphosa, have outlined very different visions for South Africa. The former is likely to follow in the footsteps of her former spouse, while Ramaphosa has pledged sweeping changes that include cleaning out the corrupt. Bloomberg outlines five key issues that are stuck in the tracks as South Africa gears up for what could be a game-changing ANC conference. – Jackie Cameron
(Bloomberg) — An acrimonious battle for control of South Africa’s ruling African National Congress has paralyzed several government departments, as ruling party leaders focus on electioneering and officials delay taking decisions until they learn who their new political masters will be.
The front-runners to replace Jacob Zuma as ANC leader next month are his deputy Cyril Ramaphosa and Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, the former chairwoman of the African Union Commission and Zuma’s ex-wife. The victor will probably also succeed Zuma as president in 2019, or even earlier if the party decides to replace him before his second term ends. Ramaphosa has stressed the need to reignite growth and restore investor confidence, while Dlamini-Zuma has called for the nation’s wealth to be more equitably distributed.
These are some of the key issues that are likely to remain in abeyance until after the ANC’s Dec. 16-20 elective conference:
1. Resolving a standoff over black mine-ownership laws
The government and mining companies have been locked in dispute for months over a new Mining Charter, which seeks to compel companies to maintain a minimum 30 percent black shareholding. The industry argues that the previous threshold of 26 percent should be retained and sales of stakes to black investors who subsequently divested should be taken into account when assessing their compliance. Court hearings on the dispute are due to resume Feb. 19. Ramaphosa has called for the standoff to be amicably resolved.
2. Allocating new broadband spectrum to mobile-phone companies
While mobile phone companies have been clamoring for additional spectrum, the telecommunications minister sued the industry regulator last year to prevent it from holding a planned auction, arguing that the sale was premature and proper regulatory procedures weren’t followed. The case remains unsettled. Telecommunication laws are meanwhile being amended to give the government greater control over spectrum allocation.
3. Appointing a contractor to disperse welfare grants
South Africa’s welfare agency, which oversees the payment of more than 17 million grants, was ordered by the nation’s top court in 2014 to cease using the services of Net1 UEPS Technologies Inc. to make the payments because its contract was invalid. When the agency flouted the court’s order to appoint a replacement by March this year, the court allowed the contract to be extended for a year and again ordered the agency to name a new distributor. While the state-owned South African Post Office wants the contract, the welfare department says it doesn’t have the necessary capacity. The Treasury has been trying to broker an end to the impasse.
4. Investigating allegations of the looting of state funds
The nation’s graft ombudsman last year said the nation’s chief justice should appoint a judicial commission to probe allegations that businessmen with close ties to Zuma had looted money from state companies and exerted undue influence over state appointments and contracts. Zuma has challenged that directive in court, arguing that only he has the right to appoint judicial panels. The case is currently before the courts and could drag on for several months.
5. Finalizing a pay deal with state workers
A three-year pay deal between the government and its 1.3 million employees is due to expire at the end of March and a new one is currently under negotiation. The government has yet to table a counteroffer to union demands for increases of as high as 12 percent, and a deal is unlikely to be struck until next year.
Cyril Ramaphosa: The Audio Biography
Listen to the story of Cyril Ramaphosa's rise to presidential power, narrated by our very own Alec Hogg.