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JOHANNESBURG — Since the early 1990s, Johannesburg’s inner-city CBD has become a home for diaspora from across the African continent. Driving or walking through the inner-city is like traversing various cities in Africa as Joburg has its own little Ethiopia and little Lagos. The face of the CBD then has changed dramatically as South Africa has changed, but there has always been a debate over whether South Africa’s borders have been too porous. While an influx of foreigners does have its economic benefits, if it’s not managed properly, it can also result in huge headaches, such as a backlog in housing and even subsequent dilapidation of buildings. As a result, Joburg Mayor Herman Mashaba controversially plans to evict thousands of undocumented foreigners in the city’s CBD in a bid to clean up buildings and drive private investment. It’s a controversial move as there is seemingly no plan yet on where the undocumented foreigners will go. Mashaba is hoping the likes of the UN will step in. But the reality is that if previous governments had monitored the situation more carefully, the likes of the current administration of the city wouldn’t have had the problem to deal with in the first place. – Gareth van Zyl
By Sam Mkokeli
(Bloomberg) — Johannesburg’s new mayor, Herman Mashaba, said that international aid agencies must help to care for undocumented foreigners that he plans to evict from inner city buildings in a bid to attract private investment to rebuild South Africa’s economic hub.
Mashaba, 57, said he’s planning to use “shock and awe” tactics to drive out occupants living illegally in some of Johannesburg’s buildings, despite warnings by human-rights activists and legal experts that his plans are unconstitutional. Because the municipal administration doesn’t have the resources to look after those who are evicted, the national and provincial governments as well as the United Nations and international aid agencies will have to step in and provide accommodation, he said.
“It is not the role of the city to take care of the world,’’ Mashaba said in an interview. “All these international bodies looking after refugees all over the world — please help me. I am sitting with a crisis of our own people in the city of Johannesburg.’’
The city’s plans include the use of “overwhelming power and spectacular display of force to paralyze the enemy’s perception of the battlefield and destroy its will to fight,” according to the document seen by Bloomberg News prepared by the city’s Regulatory, Compliance and Special Investigations unit and reported on earlier this year. The issue is non-negotiable, Mashaba said.
“It’s coming,” Mashaba said of the eviction plan. As many as 80 percent of the inner city residents are undocumented foreigners, he said. “It’s a scary number.”
A former cosmetics entrepreneur, Mashaba became mayor when his opposition Democratic Alliance aligned with small parties to take control of Johannesburg from the African National Congress in a municipal vote in August last year. He’s targeted a housing crisis that he says has been compounded by the influx of both migrants from other parts of country and undocumented foreigners moving to South Africa to look for better economic opportunities.
“Obviously people are under the impression that, because the economy is failing everywhere else, this is a city of gold and opportunity,’’ he said. “It’s created a massive problem, a housing backlog of over 300,000.”
Mashaba’s figures have been challenged by organizations such as the Socio-Economic Rights Institute that protect the rights of poor people who get evicted from inner city buildings.
— CATHERINE Constantinides (@ChangeAgentSA) August 14, 2017
“In our experience in the buildings we work in defending people against eviction, the statistics are the other way around: about 80 percent South African and about 20 percent foreign nationals,” the institute’s executive director, Stuart Wilson, said Monday by phone.
He described Mashaba’s statements as “xenophobic” and said his plans can’t be implemented because they’re illegal. South Africa’s constitution requires that housing must be provided for everyone in the country, not just its citizens.
“The wholesale eviction of poor people from inner city buildings is not a plan that can be legally carried out without court oversight and without giving alternative accommodation to people who would otherwise be rendered homeless,” he said.
Based on his tweets, @HermanMashaba is killing it as Mayor. Wouldn't be surprised if he becomes the most popular mayor in the country.
— Roman Cabanac (@RomanCabanac) August 14, 2017
Anti-immigrant sentiment has run high at times in South Africa. Attacks on foreigners in 2008 claimed as many as 60 lives nationwide, and another seven were killed when violence flared two years ago. Residents of a southern Johannesburg suburb in February set fire to at least a dozen houses that they said were used as drug dens or brothels and were mostly occupied by foreigners.
Mashaba said he won’t begin forcible evictions until private companies show interest in developing the properties. Invitations will go out before the end of October for companies to come up with proposals to restore dilapidated buildings in the inner city and develop and run modern skyscrapers, he said.
“I have made it clear we will look for the owners of these buildings,” he said. “If we can’t find them, we as the city are going to expropriate them and offer them to developers to build.”
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