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South Africa’s increasingly embattled President Jacob Zuma needs a miracle. One of his main persecutors, Public Protector Thuli Madonsela, offered a suggestion of one in an interview she had with AFP over the weekend. The Democratic Alliance proposed another one this morning, advising Zuma to cancel the R4bn purchase of a new Presidential Jet. Either of them would send a message that the President is not the detached, greedy plunderer his recent actions suggest. Within the increasingly polarised ANC, former Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe suggested something altogether different, calling Zuma a liability to the party – drawing a public response from the President in one of the few arenas where he feels completely comfortable, a weekend visit in his heartland at the party’s KZN Provincial Conference. The province remains staunchly loyal to its chief – newly appointed ANC Provincial leader Sihle Zikalala stating: “We are very pleased with President Jacob Zuma and there is no member who can be considered a liability.” The 73 year old President has been the ultimate survivor. But you have to wonder whether even he can get through this particular story without a miracle. Maybe Madonsela’s optimism that he will “pay back the money” spent on his Nkandla homestead will happen after all? – Alec Hogg
By Sibongile Khumalo of Agence France-Presse
South Africa‘s anti-corruption ombudsman is an optimist, and perhaps she needs to be.
Thuli Madonsela hopes that President Jacob Zuma will pay back public funds used to upgrade his private residence, in a scandal that has become a damaging symbol of the country’s post-apartheid era.
More than $20 million (19 million euros) was spent on Nkandla, the president’s rural homestead, triggering criticism of hugely-inflated costs for “security improvements” that included a swimming pool and chicken coop.
Zuma’s refusal to admit any wrongdoing embodies allegations of corruption, greed and unaccountability surrounding the party that led the struggle to overturn white-minority rule.
Public Protector Madonsela told AFP that she had not given up in her battle over Nkandla — which has brought her international renown, as well as bitter criticism from Zuma loyalists.
“He could still change and decide that, despite the advice he got, he wants to do the right thing. That door is not closed yet,” she said, in an interview in her Pretoria offices that are decorated with awards and certificates.
Madonsela’s highly-critical Nkandla report, released in March 2014, was met with counter-investigations by the police minister and others exonerating Zuma.
“Of course the reaction to it is a setback,” she said.
“You’ve got to deal with (my report) rationally, reasonably and fairly. The response we got … was irrational.”
The dispute over Zuma’s property thrust Madonsela into the spotlight, earning her a spot in Time magazine’s 100 most influential people in the world last year.
Zuma can speak, fight, & tell ex allies to sit down. Why is it that when jets & Nkandla r procured in his name, he has nothing to say? 😕
— Redi Tlhabi (@RediTlhabi) November 8, 2015
But since she was appointed — by Zuma — in 2009, she has tackled a formidable array of much bigger corruption issues, including land reform, transport infrastructure tenders, police misconduct and arms deals.
Some of the cases date back to the pre-1994 apartheid years, a period that she said still haunts the country as a whole culture of government corruption went undetected for decades.
“If we are investigating conduct failure, it is often difficult because some state agencies give you the wrong information, but we have our own sources who make it easier,” she said.
“Key to any investigation is whistleblowers. We do have a big problem of corruption.”
Softly-spoken Madonsela, 53, rose from humble beginnings in the township of Soweto to become a constitutional lawyer, working as a technical adviser on drafting South Africa‘s democratic constitution after the end of apartheid.
As dismal economic growth, crime, rumbling social tensions and high unemployment fuel pessimism about South Africa‘s future, she says her office is a sign of the country’s ability to protect its institutions.
“In other countries, it is taboo that you could ask how much was spent on the president’s home. But we have an environment that allows us to do that,” she said.
Despite the lack of government response, the Nkandla probe shows South Africa has a “strong constitution where the rule of law is applied to everyone, regardless of whether you are a cleaner or a president,” she added.
“We have a strong democracy that has multi-agency oversight.”
Madonsela, who was accused at the height of the Nkandla controversy of being a CIA spy by one deputy minister, calmly dismisses suggestions of political pressure in her work, saying none of her staff have faced intimidation.
She is due to stand down when her seven-year term ends in October 2017, and has recently launched perhaps her most risky strategy yet.
She has allied with the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), a radical left-wing opposition party, in a bid to compel Zuma to pay back the Nkandla money.
The case will be heard next year.
“The first step towards a solution is admitting you have a problem, the second step is to do something,” she said.
© 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse
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