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CAPE TOWN — All the high-level debate in the world around legislation and constitutional amendment to enable expropriation of land without compensation will come to nought if the ruling party cannot manage the process skilfully, efficiently and in a co-ordinated way, while keeping its promises to commercial farmers. The ANC has cranked up the reassurance volume as the rand slides and investors display early warning signs of Restless Foot Syndrome. The parliamentary committee probing the constitutional amendment is providing the systemic ear that high level ANC political players are lending to the agricultural industry. We’re talking repeated reassurances from an ever-widening circle of top ANC exco members. Clearly the damage control edict has gone out from the still-dominant Ramaphosa faction. They’re trying to wrestle down the alarmists who’ve summited the mountain of uncertainty, by claiming clear EWC rules will actually shore up confidence, not erode it. But perhaps what they need to be saying is where, how and when EWC will start. Cynics will cite the impending National Health Insurance Scheme, also predicated on addressing access inequality, to illustrate how dysfunctional and provincial our delivery systems are. Fully answering the “yes, but how,” question is perhaps the place to build certainty. – Chris Bateman
“We will not and will never subscribe to land grabbing in South Africa, we are orderly and we are organised in what we do,” Fikile Mbalula, the ANC’s head of elections and a member of the party’s decision-making National Executive Committee, said at a meeting with agricultural lobby group Agri SA in Pretoria on Friday. “We’re after a constructive resolution on expropriation of land, which now will include non-compensation.”
The move to amend the constitution has added to wider emerging-market jitters in knocking the rand and South African bonds. Critics of the plan and investors have raised concerns that the move could lead to an erosion of property rights and ultimately, Zimbabwe-style farm seizures.
The ANC decided at a conference in December that more needs to be done to correct racially skewed land ownership patterns dating back to colonial and apartheid rule. While there’s widespread consensus that land reform needs to be accelerated, there are widely divergent views as to how it should be done.
Ronald Lamola, who also sits on the ANC’s national executive, said it was accepted that the government had failed to effectively address land restitution and that the current situation had created uncertainty for citizens and financial markets – something the ruling party is seeking to address.
“There must be a mixture of ownership,” he said. “We have to be able to give some certainty with regards to property rights.”
It’s unclear how long it would take parliament to process the constitutional amendments, which would be coupled with an Expropriation Bill spelling out the circumstances under which land can be taken, according to Lamola. An earlier draft of the bill was withdrawn from Parliament on Aug. 28, pending the conclusion of the constitutional review.
Government data show more than two-thirds of farmland is owned by whites, who constitute 7.8 percent of the country’s 57.7 million people. South Africa’s constitution currently permits land expropriation in the public interest. A parliamentary committee is considering possible amendments that will make it easier for the state to take land without paying for it.
Officials from lobby group Business Unity South Africa, the Banking Association of South Africa and Nedbank Group Ltd., the country’s biggest provider of commercial property finance, appeared before the panel in Cape Town on Friday, and warned that tampering with the constitution could have dire economic consequences.
Land redistribution has been frustrated by insufficient coordination within the government, an incoherent legal framework, maladministration and a lack of training and capacity, said Tanya Cohen, BUSA’s chief executive officer.
“That’s not a failure of the constitution,” she said. “We don’t believe constitutional amendments are necessary for meaningful land reform.”
Enoch Godongwana, the ANC’s head of economic transformation, said the party wouldn’t endanger the banks or the economy.
“We’re quite aware that as we embark on this journey we should not create systemic risk,” he said in Pretoria.
Dan Kriek, Agri SA’s president, said the discussions with the ruling party were productive, and the group was optimistic about the agricultural industry’s future.
“I feel that the ANC heard our concerns and will take them into consideration for the path ahead,” he said in an emailed statement.