What Eskom means by “clean power” – CEO speaks out

CAPE TOWN — So, we finally have “clean power.” Before incurring the wrath of environmentalists, here’s some clarity on meaning. The CEO of Eskom, in an interview that ticks all the right boxes, says corruption has largely been addressed, leaving a few small pockets, but certainly no tentacles that reach up into the board. He may well be fulfilling the first part of what seems an impossible mandate. Turning Eskom’s financial morass around, will be way more difficult, but 15-months into the job, CEO, Phakamani Hadebe, cites some encouraging pointers. A technical team has identified some of the root causes of unplanned breakdowns, meaning no more nasty surprises. A new unit at the under-construction Kusile power station was synchronised to the grid this week. He remains silent on just how much additional power generation this represents, preferring to cite the advantages of the Eskom split into three units, transparency, accountability of managers and clarity of operations being the main ones. Given the utility’s 11-fold increase in debt to R450bn and the projected R2bn per annum drop in revenue, clean alternative power sources may prove to be the only real answer. – Chris Bateman

Eskom CEO says `Days of Surprises’ over as power plans in place

By Paul Burkhardt

(Bloomberg) – Almost 15 months into the job, and the boss of South Africa’s state-owned electricity company is getting to grips with issues spanning corruption to defective power plants that threatened to collapse the grid.

“The days of surprises are over,” Eskom Holdings SOC Ltd. Chief Executive Officer Phakamani Hadebe said in an interview Tuesday. “We just have to speed up the process of turning things around.’’

Phakamani Hadebe, Eskom
Eskom CEO Phakamani Hadebe

Hadebe said a “breakdown in corporate governance’’ and the financial viability of the business were the biggest challenges when he was appointed after President Cyril Ramaphosa took over leadership of the country. The CEO also faced increasing operational issues, forcing Eskom to implement periodic power cuts from December through March. Now the situation is under control, he said.

The utility, which provides 95 percent of the electricity to the most industrialised nation in Africa, announced earlier this month a plan to minimise power cuts after an assessment with a technical review team identified the root causes of unplanned breakdowns.

“We know what needs to be done and we have an idea of how it should be done and we’re in a better space now,’’ he said. “We have reason to have high expectations.’’

The cost of the new Medupi and Kusile plants has ballooned to more than R300bn ($21.2bn), and the discovery of defects will add further to expenses. Still, Hadebe said there are encouraging signs for the next boilers to come online. A new unit at Kusile was synchronized to the grid on April 14, the utility said.

Death spiral

Ramaphosa in February announced plans to divide Eskom into generation, transmission and distribution units, as it joins other utilities in experiencing the so-called “death spiral,” where demand is in terminal decline as alternative sources of electricity become available such as solar panels and clients switch to more efficient equipment like light emitting diode, or LED, lights.

The split helps to achieve transparency and will allow for “clarity of operations” and more accountability by managers for the performance of stations and units, according to Hadebe.

Revenue will continue to drop by 1 percentage point a year, which is about R2bn ($142m), he said. Eskom can make a difference by reducing costs, primarily through procurement and coal purchases, Hadebe said.

Treasury background

When Hadebe worked at Treasury until 2008, one of his responsibilities was to look at the financial oversight of state-owned companies including Eskom. The utility’s debt has since increased more than 11-fold to R450bn, he said.

The malfeasance, which boosted Eskom’s debt and the tackling of which was a large part of his original mandate, has largely been addressed, according to Hadebe.

“While there might be pockets of corruption, it’s not that the tentacles start from the board,’’ the CEO said.