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South Africans have been worried about the ‘brain drain’ for some time. Popular emigration destinations have tightened their visa criteria, focusing on skilled applicants. This means that young, skilled South Africans are leaving the country taking their talent, earning potential (taxable earnings) and entrepreneurship to foreign soil. In what seems like a desperate move, the National Treasury is going ahead with a plan to stop SA citizens from withdrawing their pension money until they have been a ‘non-tax-paying resident’ for at least three years, say lawyers. – Melani Nathan
* Statement from Bowmans
Emigration: Wait three years to access retirement funds
South Africans planning to emigrate may not be able to rely on withdrawals from preservation funds or retirement annuity funds to cover their settling-in costs in a new country. The National Treasury is going ahead with a controversial plan to impose a three-year waiting period on these withdrawals for emigrating South Africans.
‘The proposal by National Treasury is to only allow the withdrawal when the individual has been non-tax-resident for an uninterrupted period of three years or longer,’ say Mogola Makola and Aneria Bouwer, partners at leading African law firm, Bowmans.
‘The only ‘concession’ seems to be that the current rule will still apply in respect of applications for financial emigration received on or before 28 February 2021 and approved by the South African Reserve Bank on or before 28 February 2022,’ they say.
The current rule allows withdrawals in the event of financial emigration. In other words, members of preservation funds and retirement annuities may withdraw their funds if their emigration is recognised by the South African Reserve Bank for exchange control purposes.
In light of the imminent relaxation of exchange control rules, which is due to include the abolition of financial emigration, in terms of the Tax Laws Amendment Bill, the new rule will come into effect on 1 March 2021.
‘Although there was substantial opposition to the proposal on the three-year waiting period, when it was first mooted, National Treasury was not swayed,’ says Bouwer. ‘In their view, the three-year waiting period is a mechanism to ensure that there is a sufficient lapse of time for all emigration processes to have been completed with certainty, without affecting such workers whose residence status changes for reasons other than financial emigration.’
Bouwer says that it is important for potential emigrants to understand that the three-year waiting period applies only to preservation funds and retirement annuity funds, not to current membership of pension or provident funds.
‘The full after-tax value of a withdrawal benefit in respect of a pension fund or provident fund will continue to be available to current members of these funds, also after 1 March 2021.’
On the other hand, potential emigrants who are counting on their preservation funds or retirement annuities to cover settling-in costs face a dilemma and should consider speeding up the timetable for financial emigration.
Read also: South Africa emigration – is the time now?
‘It is unfortunate that many potential emigrants will now feel that they have no choice other than to formalise their financial emigration in order to obtain access to retirement funds as soon as possible,’ says Bouwer. It is important though for potential emigrants to consider whether they qualify for financial emigration, as this will only be granted if the potential emigrant has a right to permanent residence in a foreign country.
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